The Benefits of Outdoor Education on Mental Health

Outdoor education could be a key factor in supporting the UK’s current child mental health crisis. Recent studies have illustrated that outdoor environments provide stress relief, remove children from classroom norms and increase serotonin levels. These factors have a beneficial effect on child mental health in education.

Research carried about over the past year has illustrated that there is an acute child mental health crisis in the UK, which continues to worsen. Responses to Freedom of Information requests illustrates that referrals to child mental health units from UK primary schools have soared, rising nearly 50% in three years. It also finds that pupils have spent more than a year on a waiting list for mental health services at 12 different trusts.

The responses highlight a strong increase year on year on troublesome behaviour such as children headbutting, punching and kicking walls. Some schools have even found students as young as 7 self-harming and pupils struggling with online bullying and eating disorders before they even reach secondary school. With such alarming findings, it’s clear that something needs to be done. The government states they are determined to make a change and improve mental health support for children through the NHS Long Term Plan. This means that by 2023, 340,000 more young people will have access to specialist mental health care. 2023 is still four years away, and processes need modification in order to bridge the gap and provide mental health support amid this health crisis. This is where outdoor education comes in.

Outdoor Education

The World Health Organisation finds that children raised with exposure to green space are as much as 55% less likely to develop mental health problems such as substance abuse, stress-related illnesses and eating disorders. Outdoor education is therefore key during the child mental health crisis in the UK. The study suggest that greener neighbourhoods and outdoor education reduce stress, encourage exercise and boost the learning process.

With increased outdoor activity, serotonin is increased. This hormone produces feelings of well-being, happiness and safety. Outdoor education plays an integral part in increasing these chemicals in the brain, which acts as a hormonal stress buster. Learning outdoors and carrying out activities such as rock-climbing and water rafting pushes oneself in challenging circumstances. Researcher Jim Zuberbuhler states that this self-reliance and dependence increases child confidence, and they will carry this through to their school and home lives. During team-based activities as part of outdoor education, children’s classroom norms are shaken. This supports with identity development. Quieter children may find their voices and nervous children may find a strength that surprises them.

Issues surrounding mental health are far from simple, but it is evident that outdoor education is key to supporting the child mental health crisis. Our Wilderness Experiences deliver outdoor education for children and young people in our care. This form of alternative education is offered alongside outdoor activities such as kayaking, climbing and swimming. If you have any questions relating to our Wilderness Experiences, please contact us at

You can also find out more about the benefits of outdoor education in our blog post ‘Why Outdoor Education is Crucial to Child Development‘.

What Others Say About Us

I am truly taken aback by the level of care you have shown. The staff have gone out of their way to show him the attention and care that he has never had. When I visited him, it was like I was looking at a different child to what he was before he came. He was not like a child in care, he was like a child in a family. You have literally saved his life.

Social Worker

All children and young people thrive, and they make progress while living at the home. Because of the services provided the children and young people experience an individualised, stable and consistent home life. Children and young people benefit from the integrated, multi-disciplinary approach to education and care. They each achieve their full potential and, in many cases, do so beyond previous expectations.


I am so grateful to the AWW team for their dedication and commitment to caring and supporting Sam. He recently reported that being at there gave him the space to think and the opportunity to reflect on his attitude and make plans for his future.

Social Worker

I have to share my delight at Luke’s progress at AWW. Thanks to your support, in the last 17 weeks Luke and has turned his life around significantly. From where he has come from to where he is now, I am so proud of him.

Social Worker

The placement was really good and beneficial to me. The staff were all really supportive and nice and always made themselves available to me if I had any problems. The outdoor activities that were offered helped me to have a better outlook and showed me that I can do so much more in life, and it really helped me process and made me feel like a better person.


As METCO Officer for Cumbria Police I have regular contact with the team at AWW in relation to vulnerable children at risk of CSE and going missing. If a specific incident has occurred, the Home Manager and I speak on the phone to discuss the best way forward. She also attends CSE risk assessment meetings and we receive Philomena Protocol forms when a young person arrives in placement.

Cumbria Police